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三副航海英语试题详解

作者:EastSeaMan | 来源:网络转摘 | 时间:2022-09-15


知识点 1:航海出版物(灯标表、天文历、海员手册、大洋航路等)

【典型考题】

1.  You may find the time of slack water after low water in a certain port from ______.

A. MFAG. B. Tide tables. C. Notices to mariners.  D. Table of azimuth.

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】你可从潮汐表中查到某港在低潮后平潮时间。

【解 析】slack water 平潮  low water 低潮  MFAG:Medical First Aid Guide 医疗急救

指南  Tide tables 潮汐表 Notices to mariners 航海通告  Table of azimuth 方位表

【相关考题】

1. You will find information about the duration of slack water in the__.

A. Tidal Current Tables B. Tide Tables

C. American Practical Navigator D. Sailing Directions

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】你能从潮流表中查到有关平潮持续时间的信息。

【解 析】duration 持续时间 Tidal Current Tables 潮流表 American  Practical

Navigator美国实用航海,由美国数学家 Bowditch 撰写 Sailing Directions 航路指南

2. The velocity of the current in large coastal harbors is______.

A. predicted in Tidal Current Tables B. unpredictable

C. generally constant D. generally too weak to be of concern

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】在潮流表中可查询沿海大港的流速预报情况。

【解 析】velocity of the current 流速 coastal 沿海的  harbor 港口  predict 预报

3. ______ gives daily predictions of the times and heights of high and low waters for over 230

standard and 6,000 secondary ports in the world.

A.Admiralty Tide Tables

B.Admiralty Tidal Stream Atlases

C.Admiralty Manual of Tides(NP120)

D.Admiralty Tidal Handbooks(NP122 1-3)

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】 英版潮汐表提供全球二百三十多个主港和六千多个副港的每日高低潮时间及

潮高预报。

【解 析】daily 每日的 high waters 高潮  low waters 低潮  standard port 主 港

secondary port 副港

4. Admiralty EasyTide ______.

A.has little use for ocean-going mariners。

B.permits the mariner to select and simultaneously calculate tidal heights for multiple ports

for up to seven days。

C.includes periods of daylight and nautical twilight,moon phases and a springs and neaps

indicator。

D.is supplied in the form of a single CD which contains the calculation program and the

seven geographic Area Data Sets(ADS)providing global coverage。

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】 英版网络潮汐表在远洋航行中很少使用

【解 析】EasyTide 英版网络潮汐表 little use 很少使用 ocean-going 远洋的 mariner 航

海者

5. Data relating to the direction and velocity of rotary tidal currents can be found in the ______.

A. Mariner's Guide

B. Tidal Current Tables

C. Nautical Almanac

D. Tide Tables

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】潮流表可查到到有关旋转潮流方向和速度的资料。

【解 析】relating to 有关 rotary tidal currents 旋转潮流 Mariner's Guide 航行者指南,

Nautical Almanac 航海天文历

6.  The datum from which the predicted heights of tides are reckoned in the tide tables is

______.

A. mean low water

B. the same as that used for the charts of the locality

C. the highest possible level

D. given in table three of the tide tables

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】潮汐表中用于计算预测潮高的基准面相同于所在区域的海图基准面。

【解 析】datum 基准面 reckon 估计、估算 mean low water 平均低潮  locality

地区、地点

7.  The daily predictions of the times and heights of high and low water for a selection of

Standard Ports are given in ______.

A.Admiralty Maritime Communications

B.Admiralty Tide Tables

C.a comprehensive guide for the yachtsman

D.ALRS

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】英版潮汐表中能查到所选主港的每日高低潮潮高以及时间预报。

【解 析】Admiralty Maritime Communications 英版海上通信,供游艇使用 ALRS -

Admiralty List of Radio Signals 英版无线电信号表。

8.  To predict the actual depth of water using the Tide Tables,the number obtained from the Tide

Tables is ______.

A.the actual depth

B.added to or subtracted from the charted depth

C.multiplied by the charted depth

D.divided by the charted depth

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】使用潮汐表预测实际水深时,海图水深应加上或者减去潮汐表中查得的数值。

【解 析】actual depth 实际水深 obtained from 从哪里获得  added 加上  subtracted 减

去 multiplied 乘 divided 原意为被分割,此处意为除 charted depth 海图水深

【点 评】此类考题考察英版潮汐表、潮流表的内容及使用,考生应掌握与此相关的专业

术语,正确使用潮汐表查找潮高及时间信息。

【典型考题】

2.  ______ gives listings of all lighthouses,lightships,lit floating marks(over 8m in height),

fog signals and lights of navigational significance.

A.Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

B.Admiralty List of Radio Signals

C.IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735)

D.Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】英版灯标雾号表提供所有灯塔、灯船、灯浮标志(高度超过 8 米)、雾号和导

航灯标的情况。

【解 析】lighthouse 灯塔  lightship 灯船 lit floating mark 灯浮标志  fog signal 雾

号 IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735)国际航标协会海上浮标系统  Ocean

Passages for the World 世界大洋航路

【相关考题】

1. When a buoy is in position only during a certain period of the year,where may the dates when

the buoy is in position be found?

A. Light List B. Notice to Mariners

C. On the chart D. Coast Pilot

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】浮标仅在一年中某段时间位于适当位置,哪里可查到浮标在适当位置的日期?

灯标表。

【解 析】buoy 浮标  in position 适当位置  certain period 某段时间

2.  Information on the operating times and characteristics of foreign radiobeacons can be found

in which publication ________.

A.List of Lights

B.Coast Pilot

C.Sailing Directions

D.List of Radiobeacons

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】有关国外无线电信标工作时间和特征的信息可在哪种出版物中查到?灯标表。

【解 析】operating time 工作时间  characteristic 性质、特征  Coast Pilot沿岸航海指

3.  The Coast Radio Stations are found in ______.

A.Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals

B.Admiralty Maritime Communications

C.Admiralty List of Radio Signals

D.Admiralty Digital List of Lights

【参考答案】C

【参考译文】沿岸无线电台可在英版无线电信号表中查到。

【解 析】Coast Radio Station 沿岸无线电台  Admiralty Digital List of Lights 英版电子

版灯标表

4.  The international number,location and/or name,geographical co-ordinates,characteristics

and intensity,elevation in metres,range in sea miles and description of structure of a light can be

found in ______.

A.Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

B.Admiralty List of Radio Signals

C.IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735)

D.Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】英版灯标雾号表中可查到灯塔的国际编号、位置和/或名称、地理坐标、特征、

强度、灯高(米)、射程(海里)以及灯标结构。

【解 析】geographical co-ordinates 地理坐标  elevation 灯高 intensity 灯 光 强 度

range 距离,这里指灯光射程

5.  The Lists of Meteorological Observation Stations can be found in ______.

A.ALRS

B.ALL

C.AMC

D.ATT

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】气象观察站列表可在无线电信号表中查到。

【解 析】ALRS :Admiralty List of Radio Signals 英版无线电信号表,ALL:Admiralty List

of Lights and Fog Signals 英版灯标雾号表, AMC Admiralty Maritime Communications 英版

海事通信,ATT Admiralty Tide Tables 英版潮汐表。

6.  What is the use of the books of Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals? Their use is to

______.

A.Mention signal stations and ice,storm,traffic and port signals

B.Give the international numbers of lights

C.Give the correction of the lights and fog signals

D.Give the information on the lights and fog signals

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】英版灯标雾号表的用途是什么?提供灯标雾号的信息。

【解 析】mention 提及 correction 改正

【点 评】此类考题考察英版灯标表的内容及使用,考生应掌握与此相关的专业术语,正

确使用灯标表查找灯标编号、位置、灯质。

【典型考题】

3.  In Admiralty Sailing Directions,STRIPES is the word used to indicate ______ marking.

A. horizontal

B. vertical

C. diagonal

D. vertical or diagonal

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】在英版航路指南中,“STRIPES”一词用于表示垂直或斜线标志。

【解 析】horizontal 水平的 vertical 垂直的  diagonal 斜线的

【相关考题】

1.  Sailing directions are kept up to date by ______.

A. publications

B. notices to mariners

C. supplements

D. Annual Summary of Admiralty Notices to Mariners

【参考答案】C

【参考译文】航路指南通过补篇保持最新。

【解 析】keep up to date 保持最新 publications 出版物  Annual Summary of Admiralty

Notices to Mariners 英版航海通告年度摘要  supplement 附录、增刊,这里是补篇的意思

2.  While steaming slowly in the harbor,no ship is ______ to exceed the speed limited.

A. assumed

B. appreciated

C. promised

D. permitted

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】在港内缓速行驶期间,任何船舶不可超速航行。

【解 析】assume 假定 appreciate 感激  promise 承诺 permitt 允许

3.  Every new supplement to the Sailing Directions ______ the previous one.

A. enforces

B. cancels

C. corrects

D. replenishes

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】新航路指南补篇发行,旧补篇即作废。

【解 析】enforce 实施 replenish 补充 previous 以前的。

4.  ______ amplify charted detail and contain information needed for safe navigation.

A. Admiralty Sailing Directions

B. Admiralty List of Lights

C. Admiralty List of Signals

D. Admiralty Notices to Mariners

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】英版航路指南详述海图细节情况并包含航行安全所需的信息。

【解 析】amplify 放大、扩大、增强,此处为详述之意 detail 细节

5.  In Admiralty Sailing Directions, bands are the word used to indicate ______ marking.

A. horizontal

B. vertical

C. diagonal

D. vertical or diagonal

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】在英版航路指南中,“bands”一词用于表示水平标志。

【解 析】band 横纹 

【点 评】此类考题考察英版航路指南的内容及更新,考生应掌握与此相关的专业术语,

正确理解和使用英版航路指南,保证船舶安全航行。

【典型考题】

4.  Of the following,______ is not likely found in The Mariners Handbook(NP100).

A.navigational hazards and buoyage,meteorological data,details of pilotage,regulations,

port facilities and guides to major port entry

B.information on charts

C.information on operational information and regulation

D.information on tides,currents and characteristics of the sea

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】海员手册中无法找到航行危险物和浮标,气象数据,引航详细情况,规则,港

口设备和主要港口的进港指南。

【解 析】Mariners Handbook 海员手册  navigational hazard航行危险物

meteorological data气象资料

【相关考题】

1.  The information on ______ is not likely found in The Mariners Handbook(NP100).

A.IALA Buoyage system

B.hydrography,topography,navigational aids and their services

C.basic meteorology and navigation in ice and hazards and restrictions to navigation

D.information on tides,currents and characteristics of the sea

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】海员手册中无法找到水文、地形、助航标志和相关的服务信息。

【解 析】hydrography水文 topography地形  navigational aids航标

2.  The Mariner's Handbook ______ general information affecting navigation and is

complementary to the Sailing Directions.

A. giving

B. give

C. gives

D. given

【参考答案】C

【参考译文】海员手册提供影响航行的综合信息,也是对航路指南的补充。

【解 析】affect 影响  complementary 补充的

【点 评】此类考题考察海员手册的内容,考生应掌握与此相关的专业术语,正确理解海

员手册,保证船舶安全航行。

【典型考题】

5.  ______ gives a description of the combined Cardinal and Lateral Buoyage system including

textual and diagrammatic explanations of the five types of marks;  lateral;isolated danger;safe

water and special marks.

A.Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

B.Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts,Chart 5011

C.IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735)

D.The Mariners Handbook(NP100)

【参考答案】C

【参考译文】国际航标协会海上浮标系统(NP735)描述方位标志和侧面标志相结合的浮标

系统,包括侧面标志、方位标志、孤立危险物标志、安全水域和专用标志这五类标志的文字

和图象说明。

【解 析】diagrammatic 图象的、图表的  textual 文字的  cardinal 方 位 的

combined 结合的 lateral 侧面的 isolated 孤立的  special 特殊的、专用的

【相关考题】

1.  ______ is a comprehensive reference in graphical and textual form of all Admiralty Charts

and Publications worldwide(link to Admiralty Charts)listed by region.

A.Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

B.Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts,Chart 5011

C.IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735)

D.Catalogue of Admiralty Charts and Publications(NP131)

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】英版海图图书总目录是一本用图表和文字表述按区域划分的全球英版海图和图

书出版物(与英版海图相关)的综合性参考资料。

【解 析】comprehensive 综合性的  reference 参考  region 区域

2.  Important changes to charts and lights(including temporary ones),radio signals and sailing

directions are listed in ______.

A.Weekly Admiralty Notices to Mariners

B.The Mariners Handbook(NP100)

C.Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

D.Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts,Chart 5011

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】有关海图、灯标(包括临时性的)、无线电信号和航路指南的重要改变都能在

周版航海通告上查得。

【解 析】Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)(世界大洋航路),Symbols 标识的意思,

Abbreviation 是缩写的意思。

3.  The information on ocean voyage planning with routeing details for powered and sailing

vessels is likely found in ______.

A.Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

B.Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts,Chart 5011

C.Weekly Admiralty Notices to Mariners

D.The Mariners Handbook(NP100)

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】世界大洋航路中能查到有关机动船和帆船的远洋航线设计详细信息。

【解 析】voyage planning 航线设计  sailing vessels 帆船  routeing details 航线详情

4.  A line of position from a celestial observation is a segment of a ______.

A. circle of equal altitude B. parallel of declination

C. parallel of altitude D. vertical circle

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】天体观测得到的位置线是等高度圈的一部分。

【解 析】celestial observation天体观测 segment部分

5.  During daylight savings time the meridian used for determining the time is located

farther ______.

A. west in west longitude and east in east longitude

B. east in west longitude and west in east longitude

C. west

D. east

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】在实现夏令时期间,用于确定时间的子午线位于更向东一些。

【解 析】daylight savings time夏令时.

6. A celestial body’s complete orbit around another body is ______.

A. a rotation B. a revolution C. space motion D. nutation

【参考答案】B

【参考译文】一个天体围绕另一个天体的完整的轨道是公转。

【解 析】rotation旋转 revolution公转 nutation章动。

7. In the horizon system of coordinates what is equivalent to latitude on the earth? ______.

A. Altitude B. Zenith C. Declination D. Zenith distance

【参考答案】A

【参考译文】在地平坐标系中与地球上的纬度相对应的是什么?高度

【解 析】the horizon system of coordinates 地平坐标系 Altitude 高度 Zenith 天顶

Declination 赤纬 Zenith distance 顶距

8. In the horizon system of coordinates what is equivalent to the equator on the earth? ______.

A. Prime vertical circle B. Principal vertical circle

C. Parallels of altitude D. Horizon

【参考答案】D

【参考译文】在地平坐标系中与地球上的赤道意义相同的是真地平圈。

【解 析】principal vertical circle测者垂直圈 parallels of altitude高度平行圈 horizon真地平

【点 评】此类考题考察各类航海出版物的内容,如天文历,海图总目录等。考生应掌握

与此相关的专业术语。




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